Productive Facade Studies With Rule-Based Design: Ankara Çınar Street Sampling

Productive Facade Studies With Rule-Based Design


  • Tuğçe Çelik
  • Zeliha Şahin Çağlı



Computer-aided Design, Facade Design, Rule-based Design, Shape Grammar, Social Sustainability


The architectural design process, which has a multi-component structure, is redefined with technological up-to-date systems in addition to the unchanging basic design principles in the face of changing needs. This change in the design process, with the inclusion of computer-aided productive approaches in the process, provides original and alternative design outputs in architectural formation. In this study, house facades were analyzed with the shape grammar, which is the rule-based analysis method of the detached house pattern in Ankara, Yenimahalle Çınar Street, which has survived to the present day. This detached house pattern, designed in 1948 and after, reflects the cultural, economic, and aesthetic features of the period. It is valuable in these respects and is the first modern construction study in the history of the Republic of Turkey. Although few examples remain today, they are rapidly replaced by high-rise residences. These newly constructed high-rise buildings do not provide a linguistic unity with the texture of the environment. For the sustainability of Çınar Street’s architectural values, it is of great importance to determine this grammar and to take it into practice with new technologies. In this study, detached houses on Çınar Street are discussed in the context of architectural language, and the rules of formation are determined. The facades, whose architectural form was determined, were tried to be reproduced using the same rules by computer-aided design. The study aims to be a reference for the facade designs of new high-rise residences and to maintain the urban texture by preserving it. In this context, it will contribute to architectural and social sustainability in today’s architecture and designs made using advanced technology.